What is Calculus? (Mathematics)

What is Calculus?  (Mathematics)

What is Calculus? In this video, we give you a quick overview of calculus and introduce the limit, derivative and integral. We begin with the question “Who invented Calculus?” Next, we talk about the two main tools you’ll study: derivatives and integrals. To understand both of these you’ll first learn about limits. After you learn how to compute the derivative and integral for basic functions and apply them to real-world problems, you’ll move up to higher dimensions and study things like “partial derivatives” and “multiple integrals.” What to watch next: The Tangent Line & the Derivative http://bit.ly/TangentDerivative Product Rule for Derivatives http://bit.ly/ProductRule Quotient Rule http://bit.ly/QuotientRuleDer How to Study For a Test http://bit.ly/Study4Test How to Study Physics http://bit.ly/StudyTipsPhysics How to Study Programming http://bit.ly/Learn_Programming ************** Socratica Patreon https://www.patreon.com/socratica Socratica Paypal https://www.paypal.me/socratica We also accept Bitcoin! :) Our address is: 1EttYyGwJmpy9bLY2UcmEqMJuBfaZ1HdG9 ************** We recommend the following books: Innumeracy: Mathematical Illiteracy and Its Consequences http://amzn.to/2ri1nf7 The Art of Learning by Josh Waitzkin (Chess Prodigy) http://amzn.to/2r952QB Shop Amazon Used Textbooks - Save up to 90% http://amzn.to/2pllk4B ******* Written and Produced by Michael Harrison Michael Harrison received his BS in math from Caltech, and his MS from the University of Washington where he studied algebraic number theory. After teaching math for a few years, Michael worked in finance both as a developer and a quantitative analyst (quant). He then worked at Google for over 5 years before leaving to found Socratica. You can follow Michael on Twitter @mlh496 ******* You can also follow Socratica on: - Twitter: @socratica - Instagram: @SocraticaStudios - Facebook: @SocraticaStudios

Welcome to Socratica - Beautiful STEM educational videos

Welcome to Socratica - Beautiful STEM educational videos

Welcome to Socratica! Our channel is for everyone who wants to learn. Socratica was founded by a couple of Caltech grads, Kimberly and Michael Harrison. They want everyone to have the same chance they had at an incredible education. We make high-quality educational videos. We focus on STEM topics, especially Math, Science, and Computer Programming. Our videos are clear, concise, and beautiful. If you want to REALLY learn these subjects, we are here to help. ♥ Subscribe ♥ here: http://bit.ly/SocraticaSubscribe Do you have curious kids who love Science? We have a SMART + FUN channel for them, too! http://bit.ly/SocraticaKids ♥♥♥♥♥♥♥♥ Here are some of our most popular playlists: PYTHON PROGRAMMING http://bit.ly/PythonSocratica CHEMISTRY http://bit.ly/ChemistrySocratica ASTRONOMY http://bit.ly/AstronomySocratica STUDY TIPS http://bit.ly/StudyTipsSocratica BIOLOGY http://bit.ly/BiologySocratica CALCULUS http://bit.ly/CalculusSocratica ABSTRACT ALGEBRA http://bit.ly/AbstractAlgebraSocratica GREAT THINKERS (BIOGRAPHIES) http://bit.ly/BiographiesSocratica ENGLISH GRAMMAR (great for ESL) http://bit.ly/EnglishGrammarSocratica ♥♥♥♥♥♥♥♥ To support more videos from Socratica, visit Socratica Patreon https://www.patreon.com/socratica Socratica Paypal https://www.paypal.me/socratica We also accept Bitcoin! :) Our address is: 1EttYyGwJmpy9bLY2UcmEqMJuBfaZ1HdG9 ♥♥♥♥♥♥♥♥ Are you looking for great books about learning? Here are some of our favourites! ♥ How to Read a Book - classic by Mortimer Adler and Charles Van Doren https://amzn.to/2QhAgxF ♥ Asimov’s Chronology of Science & Discovery https://amzn.to/2jireBX ♥ The Art of Learning by Josh Waitzkin (Chess Prodigy) http://amzn.to/2r952QB ♥ Innumeracy: Mathematical Illiteracy and Its Consequences http://amzn.to/2ri1nf7 ♥♥♥♥♥♥♥♥ #STEM #math #science

What are neutron stars? (Astronomy)

What are neutron stars?  (Astronomy)

Stars are not eternal and unchanging - they are born, live their lives, and then die. The way a star dies depends on its mass. A low mass star ends as a white dwarf. A high mass star becomes a black hole. But in between, a star becomes a neutron star. In this video we talk about which stars become neutron stars, and the physics behind their formation. ⧫⧫⧫⧫⧫⧫⧫⧫⧫⧫⧫⧫ We highly recommend the Astronomy textbook “Universe” by Roger Freedman et al: Universe 9th Edition http://amzn.to/2so6Ums Universe 10th Edition http://amzn.to/2tfBjUe Shop Amazon Used Textbooks - Save up to 90% http://amzn.to/2pllk4B ⧫⧫⧫⧫⧫⧫⧫⧫⧫⧫⧫⧫ Be sure to subscribe so you don't miss videos from Socratica! http://bit.ly/1ixuu9W And please share with all your friends! That helps us grow. :) ⧫⧫⧫⧫⧫⧫⧫⧫⧫⧫⧫⧫ If you'd like to support more great educational videos from Socratica, please consider becoming our Patron on Patreon! https://www.patreon.com/socratica ⧫⧫⧫⧫⧫⧫⧫⧫⧫⧫⧫⧫ Hosted by Liliana de Castro Written by Michael Harrison Produced by Kimberly Hatch Harrison

Learn Python with Socratica || Python Tutorial || Python Programming

Learn Python with Socratica || Python Tutorial || Python Programming

Python is a clean and powerful programming language. You can use it to build websites, analyze data, write utilities, and create many other kinds of software. In this series we will teach everything you need to know to begin writing your own code in Python. Start Python Playlist HERE: http://bit.ly/PythonHelloWorld If you'd like advice about how to study Programming, try this video! http://bit.ly/Learn_Programming ➢➢➢➢➢➢➢➢➢➢ We recommend: Python Cookbook, Third edition from O’Reilly http://amzn.to/2sCNYlZ The Mythical Man Month - Essays on Software Engineering & Project Management http://amzn.to/2tYdNeP Shop Amazon Used Textbooks - Save up to 90% http://amzn.to/2pllk4B ➢➢➢➢➢➢➢➢➢➢ Subscribe to Socratica: http://bit.ly/1ixuu9W To support more videos from Socratica, visit Socratica Patreon https://www.patreon.com/socratica Socratica Paypal https://www.paypal.me/socratica We also accept Bitcoin! :) Our address is: 1EttYyGwJmpy9bLY2UcmEqMJuBfaZ1HdG9

Python Classes and Objects || Python Tutorial || Learn Python Programming

Python Classes and Objects  ||  Python Tutorial  ||  Learn Python Programming

Classes are a fundamental part of modern programming languages. Python makes it easy to make a class and use it to create objects. Today you will learn the essentials of programming with classes: how to initialize them, write methods, store fields, and more. ➢➢➢➢➢➢➢➢➢➢ To learn Python, you can watch our playlist from the beginning: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=bY6m6_IIN94&list=PLi01XoE8jYohWFPpC17Z-wWhPOSuh8Er- ➢➢➢➢➢➢➢➢➢➢ We recommend: Python Cookbook, Third edition from O’Reilly http://amzn.to/2sCNYlZ The Mythical Man Month - Essays on Software Engineering & Project Management http://amzn.to/2tYdNeP Shop Amazon Used Textbooks - Save up to 90% http://amzn.to/2pllk4B ➢➢➢➢➢➢➢➢➢➢ Subscribe to Socratica: http://bit.ly/1ixuu9W To support more videos from Socratica, visit Socratica Patreon https://www.patreon.com/socratica Socratica Paypal https://www.paypal.me/socratica We also accept Bitcoin! :) Our address is: 1EttYyGwJmpy9bLY2UcmEqMJuBfaZ1HdG9 ➢➢➢➢➢➢➢➢➢➢ Python instructor: Ulka Simone Mohanty @ulkam on Twitter Written & Produced by Michael Harrison FX by Andriy Kostyuk

Kepler’s First Law of Motion - Elliptical Orbits (Astronomy)

Kepler’s First Law of Motion - Elliptical Orbits  (Astronomy)

With his first law of planetary motion, Kepler rejected circular orbits and showed that an ellipse could better explain the observed motions of Mars. Generalized to all planets, it states that the orbit of a planet follows an ellipse with the Sun at one focus. We have videos for all 3 laws! Kepler's 1st Law: http://bit.ly/1XCVRSQ Kepler's 2nd Law:http://bit.ly/1lzhLVQ Kepler's 3rd Law: http://bit.ly/1MZ35bR ⧫⧫⧫⧫⧫⧫⧫⧫⧫⧫⧫⧫ We highly recommend the Astronomy textbook “Universe” by Roger Freedman et al: Universe 9th Edition http://amzn.to/2so6Ums Universe 10th Edition http://amzn.to/2tfBjUe Shop Amazon Used Textbooks - Save up to 90% http://amzn.to/2pllk4B ⧫⧫⧫⧫⧫⧫⧫⧫⧫⧫⧫⧫ Be sure to subscribe so you don't miss videos from Socratica! http://bit.ly/1ixuu9W And please share with all your friends! That helps us grow. :) ⧫⧫⧫⧫⧫⧫⧫⧫⧫⧫⧫⧫ If you'd like to support more great educational videos from Socratica, please consider becoming our Patron on Patreon! https://www.patreon.com/socratica ⧫⧫⧫⧫⧫⧫⧫⧫⧫⧫⧫⧫ Presented by Liliana de Castro Written by Meg Rosenburg Produced by Kimberly Hatch Harrison & Michael Harrison

What is Abstract Algebra? (Modern Algebra)

What is Abstract Algebra?  (Modern Algebra)

Abstract Algebra is very different than the algebra most people study in high school. This math subject focuses on abstract structures with names like groups, rings, fields and modules. These structures have applications in many areas of mathematics, and are being used more and more in the sciences, too. ******** If​ ​you​’d​ ​like​ ​to​ ​help​ ​us​ ​make​ ​videos more quickly,​ ​you​ ​can​ ​support​ ​us​ on ​Patreon​ at https://www.patreon.com/socratica We​ ​also​ ​welcome​ ​Bitcoin​ ​donations!​ ​​ ​Our​ ​Bitcoin​ ​address​ ​is: 1EttYyGwJmpy9bLY2UcmEqMJuBfaZ1HdG9 Thank​ ​you!! ************** We recommend the following textbooks: Dummit & Foote, Abstract Algebra 3rd Edition http://amzn.to/2oOBd5S Milne, Algebra Course Notes (available free online) http://www.jmilne.org/math/CourseNotes/index.html ************** Be sure to subscribe so you don't miss new lessons from Socratica: http://bit.ly/1ixuu9W You​ ​can​ ​also​ ​follow​ ​Socratica​ ​on: -​ ​Twitter:​ ​@socratica -​ ​Instagram:​ ​@SocraticaStudios -​ ​Facebook:​ ​@SocraticaStudios ******** Teaching​ ​Assistant:​ ​​ ​Liliana​ ​de​ ​Castro Written​ ​&​ ​Directed​ ​by​ ​Michael​ ​Harrison Produced​ ​by​ ​Kimberly​ ​Hatch​ ​Harrison

Chemistry & Physics: History of the Atom (Dalton, Thomson, Rutherford, and Bohr Models)

Chemistry & Physics: History of the Atom (Dalton, Thomson, Rutherford, and Bohr Models)

What does an atom look like? We now picture the atom using the Quantum Mechanical model, but there were many other models that led up to our current understanding. In this video. we discuss the History of the Atom and the various early models of atomic structure. Chemistry & Physics: History of the Atom (Dalton, Thomson, Rutherford, and Bohr Models) The model of the atom has undergone steady changes to reflect experimental results, starting with John Dalton's model (1803), to JJ Thomson's model (1897), to Ernest Ruthford's model (1909), to Niels Bohr's model (1913). Our current atomic model, the "quantum mechanical model," will be discussed in a separate video. ///////////////////////// You can click on the links below to jump to sections in the lesson: 0:09 John Dalton's model of the atom (1803) 0:54 JJ Thomson's model of the atom (1897) "plum pudding model," cathode rays 2:27 Ernest Rutherford's model of the atom (1909) gold foil experiment 4:20 Niels Bohr's model of the atom (1913) valence electrons, quanta 6:10 Quantum Mechanical model (1920s) - coming soon! Please subscribe so you will be notified when this video is released. http://bit.ly/1ixuu9W ///////////////////////// Our Periodic Table app is FREE in the Google Play store! http://goo.gl/yg9mAF Don't miss our other chemistry videos: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=aQw9G... Please Subscribe so you'll hear about our newest videos! http://bit.ly/1ixuu9W ///////////////////////// To support more videos from Socratica, visit Socratica Patreon https://www.patreon.com/socratica http://bit.ly/29gJAyg Socratica Paypal https://www.paypal.me/socratica We also accept Bitcoin! :) Our address is: 1EttYyGwJmpy9bLY2UcmEqMJuBfaZ1HdG9 ///////////////////////// We recommend the following books: Brown and LeMay Chemistry: The Central Science 13th edition: http://amzn.to/2n5SXtB 14th edition: http://amzn.to/2mHk79f McGraw/Hill Chemistry by Chang & Goldsby http://amzn.to/2mO2khf Uncle Tungsten: Memories of a Chemical Boyhood by Oliver Sacks http://amzn.to/2nlaJp0 Napoleon's Buttons: How 17 Molecules Changed History http://amzn.to/2lJZzO3 ///////////////////////// Written and Produced by Kimberly Hatch Harrison About our instructor: Kimberly Hatch Harrison received degrees in Biology and English Literature from Caltech before working in pharmaceuticals research, developing drugs for autoimmune disorders. She then continued her studies in Molecular Biology (focusing on Immunology and Neurobiology) at Princeton University, where she began teaching as a graduate student. Her success in teaching convinced her to leave the glamorous world of biology research and turn to teaching full-time. Kimberly taught AP Biology and Chemistry at an exclusive prep school for eight years. She is now the head writer and producer of Socratica Studios. ///////////////////////// Creative Commons picture credits: Bohr Model http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:Boh... Author: Sadi Carnot Helium atom http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:Hel... author: Yzmo Rutherford model http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:Rut... Author: Bensteele1995 Planetary model http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:Ato... Author: Fastfission Cathode Ray tubes http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:Cro... Author: D-Kuru JJ Thomson's Cathode Ray Tube with magnet coils http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:J_J... Author: Mrjohncummings JJ Thomson's drawing of a Cathode Ray tube with plates and animation of cathode ray being deflected by electric field http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:JJ_... Author: Kurzon (public domain)

Abstract Algebra: The definition of a Group

Abstract Algebra: The definition of a Group

Learn the definition of a group - one of the most fundamental ideas from abstract algebra. If you found this video helpful, please give it a "thumbs up" and share it with your friends! To see more videos on Abstract Algebra, please watch our playlist: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=QudbrUcVPxk&list=PLi01XoE8jYoi3SgnnGorR_XOW3IcK-TP6 If​ ​you​’d​ ​like​ ​to​ ​help​ ​us​ ​make​ ​videos more quickly,​ ​you​ ​can​ ​support​ ​us​ on ​Patreon​ at https://www.patreon.com/socratica We​ ​also​ ​welcome​ ​Bitcoin​ ​donations!​ ​​ ​Our​ ​Bitcoin​ ​address​ ​is: 1EttYyGwJmpy9bLY2UcmEqMJuBfaZ1HdG9 Thank​ ​you!! ************** We recommend the following textbooks: Dummit & Foote, Abstract Algebra 3rd Edition http://amzn.to/2oOBd5S Milne, Algebra Course Notes (available free online) http://www.jmilne.org/math/CourseNotes/index.html ************** Be sure to subscribe so you don't miss new lessons from Socratica: http://bit.ly/1ixuu9W You​ ​can​ ​also​ ​follow​ ​Socratica​ ​on: -​ ​Twitter:​ ​@socratica -​ ​Instagram:​ ​@SocraticaStudios -​ ​Facebook:​ ​@SocraticaStudios ******** Teaching​ ​Assistant:​ ​​ ​Liliana​ ​de​ ​Castro Written​ ​&​ ​Directed​ ​by​ ​Michael​ ​Harrison Produced​ ​by​ ​Kimberly​ ​Hatch​ ​Harrison

Chemistry: Introduction to the Periodic Table

Chemistry: Introduction to the Periodic Table

Chemistry: Introduction to the Periodic Table The periodic table is the most powerful tool chemists have for organizing chemical information. Without it, chemistry would be a chaotic, confusing jumble of seemingly random observations. What makes the periodic table really invaluable is its use as a predictive tool. You can predict a lot about the chemical behavior of an element if you know where it is on the periodic table. We give credit to Dmitri Mendeleev for the first Periodic Table. He organized the elements in his table in order of atomic mass. Henry Moseley modified the table, ordering the elements in terms of atomic number. This is the periodic table we use today. Subscribe for more high-quality educational videos from Socratica! http://bit.ly/SocraticaSubscribe BREAKING NEWS: The Periodic Table now has a FULL SEVENTH ROW! #113, #115, #117, and #118 http://www.theguardian.com/science/20... You can click on the links below to jump to sections in the lesson: 0:34 What does each square tell you about each element - name, chemical symbol, atomic number, atomic mass 1:10 Metals - where metallic elements are found on the periodic table 1:22 Nonmetals - where non-metallic elements are found on the periodic table 1:37 Metalloids - where metalloids are found on the periodic table 1:54 Elements are listed in order of increasing atomic number 2:04 Each element has a unique atomic number 2:11 Why elements are organized into columns - periodicity of chemical behavior/ Periodic Law 2:48 Columns are called groups or families - elements in the same group have similar chemical properties (valence electron configurations) 3:02 7 Rows called Periods - correspond to energy levels 3:15 Alkali metals and alkali Earth metals - s orbitals being filled 3:27 p orbitals being filled on right side of periodic table 3:34 Noble gases have filled valence shell 3:42 Transition metals - d orbitals being filled 3:50 Inner Transition metals - Lanthanides and Actinides - f orbitals being filled 4:09 How Groups are numbered 5:09 Changes to the periodic table 5:24 The first periodic table (in Mendeleev's handwriting) 5:54 The work of Dmitri Mendeleev 1869 - in order of increasing atomic mass 6:07 Lothar Meyer 6:25 Mendeleev left gaps in his table and proposed missing elements 7:14 Henry Moseley modified periodic table - re-ordered by atomic number instead of atomic mass 8:38 92 Naturally occurring elements 8:41 synthesized elements ///////////////////////// Our Periodic Table app is FREE in the Google Play store! http://goo.gl/yg9mAF Don't miss our other chemistry videos: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=aQw9G... Please Subscribe so you'll hear about our newest videos! http://bit.ly/SocraticaSubscribe If you found this video helpful, please give it a "thumbs up" and share it with your friends! ///////////////////////// To support more videos from Socratica, visit Socratica Patreon https://www.patreon.com/socratica Socratica Paypal https://www.paypal.me/socratica We also accept Bitcoin! :) Our address is: 1EttYyGwJmpy9bLY2UcmEqMJuBfaZ1HdG9 ///////////////////////// We recommend the following books: Brown and LeMay Chemistry: The Central Science 13th edition: http://amzn.to/2n5SXtB 14th edition: http://amzn.to/2mHk79f McGraw/Hill Chemistry by Chang & Goldsby http://amzn.to/2mO2khf Uncle Tungsten: Memories of a Chemical Boyhood by Oliver Sacks http://amzn.to/2nlaJp0 Napoleon's Buttons: How 17 Molecules Changed History http://amzn.to/2lJZzO3 ///////////////////////// Written and Produced by Kimberly Hatch Harrison About our instructor: Kimberly Hatch Harrison received degrees in Biology and English Literature from Caltech before working in pharmaceuticals research, developing drugs for autoimmune disorders. She then continued her studies in Molecular Biology (focusing on Immunology and Neurobiology) at Princeton University, where she began teaching as a graduate student. Her success in teaching convinced her to leave the glamorous world of biology research and turn to teaching full-time. Kimberly taught AP Biology and Chemistry at an exclusive prep school for eight years. She is now the head writer and producer of Socratica Studios. Creative Commons Picture Credits: Dmitri Mendeleev Periodic Table monument in Saint Petersburg http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:San... Author: Heidas Plasma globe video http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:Pla... Author: Colin

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