Fungi: Death Becomes Them - CrashCourse Biology #39

Fungi: Death Becomes Them - CrashCourse Biology #39

Death is what fungi are all about. By feasting on the deceased remains of almost all organisms on the planet, converting the organic matter back into soil from which new life will spring, they perform perhaps the most vital function in the global food web. Fungi, which thrive on death, make all life possible. Crash Course Biology is now available on DVD! http://dft.ba/-8bCC Like CrashCourse? http://www.facebook.com/YouTubeCrashCourse Follow CrashCourse! http://www.twitter.com/TheCrashCourse Table of Contents 1) Biolography 02:07 2) Structure 04:53 3) The Decomposers 06:10 4) The Mutualists 06:38 5) The Predators 07:23 6) The Parasites 07:35 7) Reproduction 08:24 References for this episode can be found in the Google document here: http://dft.ba/-2i0c crashcourse, biology, hank green, fungi, fungus, detritivore, species, taxonomy, yeast, disease, death, organic matter, louis pasteur, biolography, beer, anaerobic respiration, fermentation, pasteurization, decompose, decomposition, soil, nutrient, recycle, mushroom, heterotroph, hyphae, chitin, mycelium, decomposer, mutualist, predator, parasite, enzyme, lignin, haustoria, mycorrhizae, sex, reproduction, spore, propagation, plasmogamy, asci, disperse, ascocarps, molds Support CrashCourse on Subbable: http://subbable.com/crashcourse

Fungi

Fungi

Life on Earth 008 - Fungi Paul Andersen surveys the Kingdom Fungi. He starts with a brief description of the fungi phylogeny. He describes some of the major characteristics of fungi; heterotrophy, cell walls of chitin, hyphae, sessile. He describes the characteristics of five major phyla of fungi, ascomycota, basidiomycota, chytridiomycota, glomeromycota and zygomycota. Intro Music Atribution Title: I4dsong_loop_main.wav Artist: CosmicD Link to sound: http://www.freesound.org/people/CosmicD/sounds/72556/ Creative Commons Atribution License

Natures Great Decomposers | Molds and Fungus Documentary - NatGeo TV

Natures Great Decomposers | Molds and Fungus Documentary - NatGeo TV

Molds are a large and taxonomically diverse number of fungal species where the growth of hyphae results in discoloration and a fuzzy appearance, especially on food. The network of these tubular branching hyphae, called a mycelium, is considered a single organism. The hyphae are generally transparent, so the mycelium appears like very fine, fluffy white threads over the surface. Cross-walls (septa) may delimit connected compartments along the hyphae, each containing one or multiple, genetically identical nuclei. The dusty texture of many molds is caused by profuse production of asexual spores (conidia) formed by differentiation at the ends of hyphae. The mode of formation and shape of these spores is traditionally used to classify molds. Many of these spores are colored, making the fungus much more obvious to the human eye at this stage in its life-cycle. Read More: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Mold

When Giant Fungi Ruled

When Giant Fungi Ruled

420 million years ago, a giant feasted on the dead, growing slowly into the largest living thing on land. It belonged to an unlikely group of pioneers that ultimately made life on land possible -- the fungi. Produced in collaboration with PBS Digital Studios: http://youtube.com/pbsdigitalstudios Thanks to Franz Anthony of 252mya.com and Jon Hughes of jfhdigital.com for their tremendous reconstructions of Prototaxites. Want to follow Eons elsewhere on the internet? Facebook - https://www.facebook.com/eonsshow Twitter - https://twitter.com/eonsshow Instagram - https://www.instagram.com/eonsshow/ References: http://www.davidmoore.org.uk/21st_Century_Guidebook_to_Fungi_PLATINUM/REPRINT_collection/Hueber_Prototaxites2001.pdf https://news.nationalgeographic.com/news/2007/04/070425-fungus-fossil_2.html http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1111/boj.12389/abstract http://www-news.uchicago.edu/releases/07/070423.fungus.shtml https://www.nationalgeographic.com/science/prehistoric-world/devonian/ https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC2880155/ https://link.springer.com/content/pdf/10.1007/978-3-662-46011-5_10.pdf http://www.ucmp.berkeley.edu/devonian/devonian.php https://blogs.scientificamerican.com/artful-amoeba/the-world-s-largest-mining-operation-is-run-by-fungi/ http://rsbl.royalsocietypublishing.org/content/7/4/574 https://books.google.com/books?id=gSAufF5IUKoC&pg=PA233&lpg=PA233&dq=prototaxites+1843&source=bl&ots=G_xulZhwpL&sig=NfRL10g81UGZJ-SQxEV8iNCb88E&hl=en&sa=X&ved=0ahUKEwjpsYrenq3XAhWL6IMKHd5zBosQ6AEINDAC#v=onepage&q=prototaxites%201843&f=false https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/21684921 https://academic.oup.com/botlinnean/article-lookup/doi/10.1111/boj.12389 https://www.atlasobscura.com/articles/oldest-plant-fossil-found http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1111/j.1365-2818.1873.tb04672.x/abstract http://www.ucmp.berkeley.edu/fungi/lichens/lichenfr.html http://science.sciencemag.org/content/293/5532/1129 http://www.newsweek.com/fossilized-fungi-worlds-oldest-land-fossil-432797 http://www.bbc.com/earth/story/20151205-one-amazing-substance-allowed-life-to-thrive-on-land http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1046/j.1469-8137.2002.00397.x/abstract http://www.tandfonline.com/doi/abs/10.3852/13-390?journalCode=umyc20 https://blogs.scientificamerican.com/artful-amoeba/were-weirdo-ediacarans-really-lichens-fungi-and-slime-molds/ https://www.nature.com/articles/nature01884 http://news.bbc.co.uk/earth/hi/earth_news/newsid_9079000/9079963.stm https://pubs.geoscienceworld.org/gsa/geology/article-abstract/24/1/55/206443/new-evidence-for-land-plants-from-the-lower-middle?redirectedFrom=fulltext http://science.psu.edu/news-and-events/2001-news/Hedges8-2001.htm https://academic.oup.com/botlinnean/article/180/4/452/2416561 http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1111/boj.12389/abstract https://qz.com/630770/a-scientist-identified-the-oldest-land-fossil-ever-and-realized-it-was-eating-something-even-older/ http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0034666713000948 http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/uk_news/scotland/3427499.stm ~419mya http://horseshoecrab.org/research/sites/default/files/P.Shelden%201990.pdf https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC333434/ https://pubs.geoscienceworld.org/gsa/geology/article-abstract/30/5/391/192367/first-steps-on-land-arthropod-trackways-in?redirectedFrom=fulltext https://www.cambridge.org/core/journals/geological-magazine/article/non-marine-arthropod-traces-from-the-subaerial-ordovician-borrowdale-volcanic-group-english-lake-district/A203763DC4AEA05D731966614AB2DE30 https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/20420932 https://www.researchgate.net/publication/263080406_Rotted_wood-alga-fungus_The_history_and_life_of_Prototaxites_Dawson_1859 https://www.cambridge.org/core/journals/paleontological-society-special-publications/article/solution-to-the-enigma-of-prototaxites/F153A7007C25269D6C58734E8FF96F18 https://www.jstor.org/stable/pdf/2396361.pdf https://www.academia.edu/891357/Early_terrestrial_animals_evolution_and_uncertainty https://www.jstor.org/stable/pdf/4094847.pdf

What is a fungus? - Naked Science Scrapbook

What is a fungus? - Naked Science Scrapbook

Fungi are a biologically important, and often overlooked Kingdom of organisms. In this Naked Science Scrapbook we find out what a fungus actually is, how they live and how they cause and fight disease. Plus we see that many of our favourite meals wouldn't be the same without them.More videos and podcasts from http://www.thenakedscientists.com

How fungi recognize (and infect) plants | Mennat El Ghalid

How fungi recognize (and infect) plants | Mennat El Ghalid

Each year, the world loses enough food to feed half a billion people to fungi, the most destructive pathogens of plants. Mycologist and TED Fellow Mennat El Ghalid explains how a breakthrough in our understanding of the molecular signals fungi use to attack plants could disrupt this interaction -- and save our crops. Check out more TED Talks: http://www.ted.com The TED Talks channel features the best talks and performances from the TED Conference, where the world's leading thinkers and doers give the talk of their lives in 18 minutes (or less). Look for talks on Technology, Entertainment and Design -- plus science, business, global issues, the arts and more. Follow TED on Twitter: http://www.twitter.com/TEDTalks Like TED on Facebook: https://www.facebook.com/TED Subscribe to our channel: https://www.youtube.com/TED

10 Fantastic Fungi Superpowers

10 Fantastic Fungi Superpowers

Join Hank Green to learn ten weird, scary, and amazing things fungi can do! Hosted by: Hank Green ---------- Support SciShow by becoming a patron on Patreon: https://www.patreon.com/scishow ---------- Dooblydoo thanks go to the following Patreon supporters -- we couldn't make SciShow without them! Shout out to Justin Ove, Accalia Elementia, Kathy & Tim Philip, Kevin Bealer, Justin Lentz, Fatima Iqbal, Thomas J., Chris Peters, Tim Curwick, Lucy McGlasson, Andreas Heydeck, Will and Sonja Marple, Mark Terrio-Cameron, Charles George, Christopher Collins, and Patrick D. Ashmore. ---------- Like SciShow? Want to help support us, and also get things to put on your walls, cover your torso and hold your liquids? Check out our awesome products over at DFTBA Records: http://dftba.com/scishow ---------- Looking for SciShow elsewhere on the internet? Facebook: http://www.facebook.com/scishow Twitter: http://www.twitter.com/scishow Tumblr: http://scishow.tumblr.com Instagram: http://instagram.com/thescishow ---------- Sources: Magic Mushrooms http://www.emcdda.europa.eu/publications/drug-profiles/mushrooms#medical http://www.cesar.umd.edu/cesar/drugs/psilocybin.asp http://science.howstuffworks.com/magic-mushroom6.htm Ergot Poisoning http://www.pbs.org/wnet/secrets/witches-curse-clues-evidence/1501/ http://www.britannica.com/science/alkaloid Zombie Ants: http://www.scientificamerican.com/article/fungus-makes-zombie-ants/ http://news.psu.edu/story/323688/2014/08/22/research/zombie-ant-fungi-know-brains-their-hosts http://www.journals.uchicago.edu/doi/full/10.1086/603640 Medicinal Fungi: https://microbewiki.kenyon.edu/index.php/Penicillium http://herbarium.usu.edu/fungi/funfacts/penicillin.htm http://www.smw.ch/docs/pdf200x/2001/21/smw-09702.pdf http://journals.plos.org/plosgenetics/article?id=10.1371/journal.pgen.1003496 http://link.springer.com/article/10.1023%2FA%3A1008990919682 http://www.pbs.org/newshour/rundown/the-real-story-behind-the-worlds-first-antibiotic/ The largest fungus: http://www.bbc.com/earth/story/20141114-the-biggest-organism-in-the-world http://openjournals.wsu.edu/index.php/pnwfungi/article/view/1075 http://www.nrcresearchpress.com/doi/abs/10.1139/x03-065#.VxVSV5MrK9s The fastest fungus: http://journals.plos.org/plosone/article?id=10.1371/journal.pone.0003237 http://eol.org/pages/38244/details http://library.med.utah.edu/WebPath/TUTORIAL/GUNS/GUNBLST.html http://www.britannica.com/science/Pilobolus-fungus-genus The deadliest fungi: http://www.britannica.com/list/7-of-the-worlds-most-poisonous-mushrooms http://toxnet.nlm.nih.gov/cgi-bin/sis/search/a?dbs+hsdb:@term+@DOCNO+7755 http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3521283/ http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0040402001008249 Cheesy fungi: http://phys.org/news/2015-09-life-domesticated-cheese-making-fungi.html http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1002/bit.260180706/pdf http://www.scientificamerican.com/article/roquefort-cheese/ Boozy fungi: http://www.nature.com/scitable/topicpage/yeast-fermentation-and-the-making-of-beer-14372813 http://blogs.scientificamerican.com/guest-blog/a-sip-for-the-ancestors-the-true-story-of-civilizations-stumbling-debt-to-beer-and-fungus/ https://www.wyeastlab.com/he-yeast-fundamentals.cfm

You Didn’t Know Mushrooms Could Do All This | National Geographic

You Didn’t Know Mushrooms Could Do All This | National Geographic

You probably didn't know mushrooms could be used to construct buildings and cure diseases. Mushrooms are being tested in innovative and imaginative ways to help society. Engineers, medical researchers, and designers are utilizing the natural abilities of various fungi for antibiotics, building materials, water filtration, toxic waste cleanup, pest abatement, textiles, and other purposes. ➡ Subscribe: http://bit.ly/NatGeoSubscribe About National Geographic: National Geographic is the world's premium destination for science, exploration, and adventure. Through their world-class scientists, photographers, journalists, and filmmakers, Nat Geo gets you closer to the stories that matter and past the edge of what's possible. Get More National Geographic: Official Site: http://bit.ly/NatGeoOfficialSite Facebook: http://bit.ly/FBNatGeo Twitter: http://bit.ly/NatGeoTwitter Instagram: http://bit.ly/NatGeoInsta There are now many champions of fungi. Tradd Cotter is one of the most vocal. A mycologist and microbiologist, Cotter owns Mushroom Mountain, a research facility in South Carolina that focuses on testing potential applications for fungi. Describing how to train fungi on "gladiator plates," Cotter explains that many fungi are so good at surviving that they are able to adapt in order to feed on otherwise toxic or non-biodegradable materials such as oil or plastics. The process is known as mycoremediation, taking in toxic compounds and reducing them to harmless ones. Mycoremediation has been sought after for for oil cleanups and expedited composting. What's more, the mushrooms that bloom from these cleanups are still a safe food source. Other collaborations include working with fungi to create portable, lightweight, sustainable products for disaster relief and developing countries. Mushroom bricks are being tested as a building material that uses water as an adhesive agent. The blocks have been tested for durability, flame retardancy, strength, and flexibility. In disaster relief packages, other mushrooms may be used to attract and trap disease-carrying mosquitoes. Mushroom Mountain and Clemson University are investigating medicinal uses as well—going so far as to create what could be a "pharmacy in a bag." The theory is that by harnessing certain fungi's ability to take in bacteria such as E. coli, researchers could train the fungi to sweat out metabolites that could combat an infection within 24 to 48 hours. Ideas continue to be tested, and those working with fungi are confident in the infinite possibilities for the versatile mushroom to solve modern problems. Watch: Glow-in-the-Dark Mushrooms: Nature’s Night Lights https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=tOM6QJCK8Lg PRODUCER/CAMERA/EDIT Gabriella Garcia-Pardo ANIMATION Jennifer Smart ADDITIONAL FOOTAGE Shanon Sanders and Getty Images MUSIC Tiny Music, Setuniman, Olive Musique, and Allegory Music SPECIAL THANKS Alex Wenchel Sound Effects from Freesound.org Users sheepfilms hans Pieguy360 kikuchiyo TiesWijnen slumbermonkey thatchee Percy Duke Slanesh kvgarlic Medical Illustration Eric Friz, VintageVectors.com You Didn’t Know Mushrooms Could Do All This | National Geographic https://youtu.be/BlcKBKJ8uro National Geographic https://www.youtube.com/natgeo

Fantastic Fungi: The Spirit of Good

Fantastic Fungi: The Spirit of Good

The fungal-fantastical. Emerging from their axial homes, fungi are beginning to be understood as nutrients to the human consciousness and ecological sustainability. Paul explores mycology and compels support for your own good nature and our fungal allies. This is the first in a collaboration of Louie Schwartzberg of Blacklight films ( http://bit.ly/FantasticFungi ) and Paul Stamets of Fungi Perfecti ( http://fungi.net ). More to come!

Kingdom Fungi Characteristics

Kingdom Fungi Characteristics

The kingdom fungi are made up of lichen, yeast, mushrooms, and molds. Table Contents the Fungi Kingdom 0:10 Introduction Kingdom Fungi 0:23 Fungi Facts 0:52 How Fungi are different than plants 1:17 Hyphae 1:36 Anatomy of Fungi 2:02 Types of Fungi Zygomycota 2:15 Sac Fungi 2:21 Club Fungi 2:40 Imperfect Fungi mushroom,moomoomath and science,deutermycota,imperfect fungi,yeast,lichen,spores,eukaryotic,heterotrophs,asexual,chitin,cell walls of chitin,hyphae,zygomycota,mildew,mold,club fungi,basidlomycota -~-~~-~~~-~~-~- Please watch: "Study Skills Teacher's Secret Guide to your Best Grades" https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=f3bsg8gaSbw -~-~~-~~~-~~-~- * * For more Life Science videos and summaries see, http://www.moomoomath.com/Middle-School-Science-and-Biology.html

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