Abnormal Facies - Spot Diagnoses in Medicine

Abnormal Facies - Spot Diagnoses in Medicine

Many diagnoses are possible by just looking at the patient's face. Some examples are given below— 1. Myxedematous or Torpid Facies—Patient have expressionless face & apathetic look.Face is puffy with periorbital swelling, boggy eyelids and loss of outer 1/3 rd of the eyebrows. Xanthelasmas may be present. Skin is cool & dry. There may be malar flush. 2. Thyrotoxic face or Graves’ disease— Patient appears anxious, restless and fidgety. Unilateral or bilateral proptosis. Thyroid gland may be diffusely enlarged. 3. Cretinism—Congenital Hypothyroidism. Mental retardation results in idiotic look on face. Coarse skin with thick lips, large ears. 4. Cushingoid face— Rounded, plethoric face giving rise to moon face appearance. There may be hirsutism and acne. 5. Acromegalic face— Coarse facial features with prominent supraorbital ridges. Increased wrinkling of the forehead. Jaw is protruded forward (Prognathism). Nose, lips and ears are large. 6. Dermatomyositis - Heliotrope rash which is a purplish color or lilac rash, but may also be red. It can occur around the eyes along with swelling but also occurs on the upper chest or back what is called the "shawl" (around the neck) or "V-sign" above the breasts and may also occur on the face, upper arms, thighs, or hands. 7. Systemic Lupus Erythematosus - Photosensitive rash over both cheeks and bridge of the nose, popularly known as ‘Butterfly Rash’. 8. Systemic Sclerosis - kin is smooth, shiny & tight with hypopigmented and hyperpigmented areas. Nose is pinched up and tapered (beaking of nose, bird beak). Loss of wrinkling of forehead. Lips are thin, pursed with puckered skin around mouth. Mouth orifice is small (microstomia). 9. Thalassemic Facies - Expanded globular maxillae, due to bone marrow hyperexpansion into facial bones, combined with prominent epicanthal folds & frontal bossing. This facies is also called ‘Chipmunk Facies’. 10. Parkinsonian Facies - Mask like, expressionless face with absent/reduced blinking of eyes, staring & vacant look, and dribbling of saliva. Weakness of upward gaze, seborrhoea and sweatiness. 11. Myopathic Facies - Frontal baldness. Bilateral ptosis. Long, lean, triangular (Hatchet facies), sad and expressionless face with wasting of temporalis and masseter. 12. Myasthenic facies - Snarling facies’ in Myasthenia gravis is due to ptosis (usually bilateral) & drooping of corners of the mouth, and weakness of the facial muscles. There is usually frontalis overactivity to compensate for ptosis. 13. Down’s syndrome— Flat appearing face, small head, flat bridge of the nose, smaller than normal, low-set nose, small mouth which causes the tongue to stick out and to appear overly large, upward slanting eyes, epicanthal fold, rounded cheeks, small misshapen ears. 14. Turner Syndrome - Short and webbed neck, low hairline and redundant skinfold on the back of neck. Small lower jaw (micrognathia), small and fish-like mouth with low set, deformed ears. 15. Marfanoid face - Face is long, lean, elongated and narrow with small jaw leading to crowding of teeth, and high arched palate. 16. Mitral facies - Malar flush is Rosy, flushed cheeks and dilated capillaries. 17. Nephrotic face - Puffy face with periorbital swelling. 18. Sarcoidosis - Lupus pernio is found in sarcoidosis. It is a chronic raised indurated (hardened) lesion of the skin, often purplish in color. It is seen on the nose, ears, cheeks, lips, and forehead. 19. Bell's palsy - Rolling up of eye on affected side when try to close eye is the Bell’s sign. Moreover, there is loss of wrinkling on forehead, nasolabial fold on effected side. 20. Leonine face - Seen in Lepromatous leprae. Skin of the face and forehead is thick and corrugated. Multiple nodules of variable sizes and shapes involving ear lobule, face and nose. 21. Achondroplasia—Short stature. Skull appears enlarged. ................................................................... Please Visit & Subscribe Our Channel for Latest Videos: https://www.youtube.com/lastsecondmedicine Visit us on Facebook: https://www.facebook.com/lastsecondmedicine Follow us on Twitter: https://twitter.com/Last_Second_Med Support us on Patreon: https://www.patreon.com/lastsecondmedicine Please Leave you valued suggestion in Comments. Background Music Courtesy: TITLE: Colourful spots ARTIST: Nicolai Heidlas

What Is Pseudoesotropia?

What Is Pseudoesotropia?

Note the cross eyed appearance of right eye in top image that corrects with elimination prominent epicanthal fold 14 oct 2015 pseudoesotropia is a condition which alignment eyes straight (also known as orthotropic); However, they appear to be crossed 30 sep 2014. Pseudostrabismus diagnosis, treatment and preventiondefinition of pseudoesotropia by medical dictionarypseudo esotropia is the false impression that eyes are crossed. Pseudostrabismus san antonio eye center. Googleusercontent search. When the eyes are actually crossed or not completely aligned with one another it is called in pseudoesotropia, appear to be but straight. This illusion of crossing is caused by the infant's facial appearance where folds skin while less common than pseudoesotropia, it also often due to structures. This is a common condition in infants and young children generally due to their pseudostrabismus the false appearance of crossed eyes. Pseudoesotropia, pseudostrabismus atlas of ophthalmology. Pseudostrabismus refers to a false appearance of strabismus caused by pseudo esotropia is the impression that eyes are crossed. Pseudoesotropia background, pathophysiology, epidemiologypseudoesotropia clinical presentation history, physical, causespseudostrabismus in children & infants what is pseudostrabismus? Eye vision sharecare. Children with widely set eyes can appear as if their are drifting out diagnosis pseudoesotropia, pseudostrabismus. The light reflext are symmetrically centered in both pupils 1 nov 2008 the child has pseudostrabismus (pseudoesotropia) false appearance of strabismus when, fact, eyes orthotropic pseudoexotropia like pseudoesotropia, certain morphological features face can result a to be drifted outwards simple cover test each eye separately will elicit no movement uncovered eye, confirming diagnosis pseudoesotropia related epicanthal folds is where appears turning inwards and may due wide bridge nose or small distance between. Pseudoesotropia background, pathophysiology, epidemiology pseudoesotropia epidemiology emedicine. Comment to photo patient is referred for esotropia. Medscape article 1199610 overview url? Q webcache. This common condition in infants and young children is generally due to facial 2 nov 2002 because there more white space visible on the outside half of eyes, eyes appear turn inward (pseudoesotropia). This illusion of crossing is caused by the infant's facial appearance where folds skin [pdf] pseudostrabismus san antonio eye center. 14 oct 2015 pseudoesotropia is a condition in which the alignment of the eyes is straight (also known as orthotropic); However, they appear to be crossed. Pseudostrabismus (pseudoesotropia) pseudostrabismus medigoo health medical tests and online common types of strabismus ncbi nih. However, light a vertical fold of skin on either side the nose, sometimes covering inner canthus; A normal characteristic in persons certain races, but anomalous what is pseudostrabismus? Strabismus medical term for any

Epicanthal fold - Medical Definition

Epicanthal fold - Medical Definition

https://word2speech.com/medical/ Epicanthal fold Epicanthal fold: A fold of skin that comes down across the inner angle of the eye. Epicanthal folds appear most frequently in persons with Down syndrome and some other constellations of birth defects. To the untrained eye, an epicanthal fold may look similar to the eye fold found in peoples of Asian origin, but the normal Asian eye fold is actually quite distinct, whereas an epicanthal fold is continuous with the lower edge of the upper eyelid. How to pronounce, definition of, audio dictionary, medical dictionary

Down syndrome (trisomy 21) - causes, symptoms, diagnosis, & pathology

Down syndrome (trisomy 21) - causes, symptoms, diagnosis, & pathology

What is Down syndrome (trisomy 21)? Down syndrome is a set of symptoms that arise from a genetic abnormality, in which an individual's cells have an extra copy of chromosome 21. Find more videos at http://osms.it/more. Hundreds of thousands of current & future clinicians learn by Osmosis. We have unparalleled tools and materials to prepare you to succeed in school, on board exams, and as a future clinician. Sign up for a free trial at http://osms.it/more. Subscribe to our Youtube channel at http://osms.it/subscribe. Get early access to our upcoming video releases, practice questions, giveaways, and more when you follow us on social media: Facebook: http://osms.it/facebook Twitter: http://osms.it/twitter Instagram: http://osms.it/instagram Our Vision: Everyone who cares for someone will learn by Osmosis. Our Mission: To empower the world’s clinicians and caregivers with the best learning experience possible. Learn more here: http://osms.it/mission Medical disclaimer: Knowledge Diffusion Inc (DBA Osmosis) does not provide medical advice. Osmosis and the content available on Osmosis's properties (Osmosis.org, YouTube, and other channels) do not provide a diagnosis or other recommendation for treatment and are not a substitute for the professional judgment of a healthcare professional in diagnosis and treatment of any person or animal. The determination of the need for medical services and the types of healthcare to be provided to a patient are decisions that should be made only by a physician or other licensed health care provider. Always seek the advice of a physician or other qualified healthcare provider with any questions you have regarding a medical condition.

What is TELECANTHUS? What does TELECANTHUS mean? TELECANTHUS meaning, definition & explanation

What is TELECANTHUS? What does TELECANTHUS mean? TELECANTHUS meaning, definition & explanation

What is TELECANTHUS? What does TELECANTHUS mean? TELECANTHUS meaning - TELECANTHUS pronunciation - TELECANTHUS definition - TELECANTHUS explanation - How to pronounce TELECANTHUS? Source: Wikipedia.org article, adapted under https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/3.0/ license. SUBSCRIBE to our Google Earth flights channel - https://www.youtube.com/channel/UC6UuCPh7GrXznZi0Hz2YQnQ Telecanthus refers to increased distance between the medial canthi of the eyes, while the inter-pupillary distance is normal. This is in contrast to hypertelorism, where the inter-pupillary distance is increased. The distance between the inner corner of the left eye and the inner corner of the right eye, is called intercanthal distance. In most people, the intercanthal distance is equal to the distance between the inner corner and the outer corner of each eye, that is, the width of the eye. The average interpupillary distance is 60–62 millimeters (mm), which corresponds to an intercanthal distance of approximately 30–31 mm. The situation, where intercanthal distance is intensely bigger than the width of the eye, is called telecanthus (tele= Greek ???? = far, and Greek ?????? = thorn). This can be an ethnic index or an indication for hypertelorism or hypotelorism, if it is combined with abnormal relation to the interpupillary distance (A D STEAS). Traumatic Telecanthus refers to telcanthus resulting from traumatic injury to the nasal-orbital-ethmoid (NOE) complex. The diagnosis of traumatic telecanthus requires a measurement in excess of those normative values. The pathology can be either unilateral or bilateral, with the former more difficult to measure. Telecanthus is often associated with many congenital disorders. Congenital disorders such as Down syndrome, fetal alcohol syndrome, Cri du Chat syndrome, Klinefelter syndrome, Turner syndrome, Ehlers-Danlos syndrome, Waardenburg syndrome often present with prominent epicanthal fold and if these folds are nasal (most commonly are) they will cause telecanthus.

Conversations About Down Syndrome: Delivering and Discussing a Down Syndrome Diagnosis

Conversations About Down Syndrome: Delivering and Discussing a Down Syndrome Diagnosis

(Visit: http://www.uctv.tv/) Cathleen Small, MA. Medical Outreach Alliance Coordinator and Legislative Advocate, Down Syndrome Connection of the Bay Area. Series: "Developmental Disabilities 2017 Update" [Show ID: 32204]

Pseudostrabismus Management

Pseudostrabismus Management

Down Syndrome

Down Syndrome

ABNORMALITIES General. Hypotonia with tendency to keep mouth open and protrude the tongue, diastasis recti, hyperflexibility of joints, relatively small stature with awkward gait, increased weight in adolescence. Central Nervous System. Intellectual disability. Craniofacial. Brachycephaly; mild microcephaly with upslanting palpebral fissures; thin cranium with late closure of fontanels; hypoplasia to aplasia of frontal sinuses, short hard palate; small nose with low nasal bridge and tendency to have inner epicanthal folds. Eyes. Speckling of iris (Brushfield spots) with peripheral hypoplasia of iris; fine lens opacities by slit lamp examination (59%); refractive error, mostly myopia (70%); nystagmus (35%); strabismus (45%); blocked tear duct (20%); acquired cataracts in adults (30% to 60%).Ears. Small; overfolding of angulated upper helix; sometimes prominent; small or absentearlobes; hearing loss (66%) of conductive, mixed, or sensorineural type; fluid accumulation in middle ear (60% to 80%). Dentition. Hypoplasia, irregular placement, fewer caries than usual, periodontal disease. Neck. Short with loose folds of skin. Hands. Relatively short metacarpals and phalanges; hypoplasia of midphalanx of fifth finger (60%) with clinodactyly (50%), a single crease (40%), or both; simian crease (45%); distal position of palmar axial triradius (84%); ulnar loop dermal ridge pattern on all digits (35%). Feet. Wide gap between first and second toes, plantar crease between first and second toes, open field dermal ridge patterning in hallucal area of sole (50%). Pelvis. Hypoplasia with outward lateral flare of iliac wings and shallow acetabular angle. Cardiac. Anomaly in approximately 40%; endocardial cushion defect, ventricular septal defect, patent ductus arteriosus, auricular septal defect, and aberrant subclavian artery, in decreasing order of frequency; mitral valve prolapse with or without tricuspid valve prolapse and aortic regurgitation by 20 years of age; risk for regurgitation after 18 years of age. Skin. Cutis marmorata, especially in extremities (43%); dry, hyperkeratotic skin with time (75%); infections in the perigenital area, buttocks, and thighs that begin as follicular pustules in 50% to 60% of adolescents. Hair. Fine, soft, and often sparse; straight pubic hair at adolescence.Genitalia. Relatively small penis and decreased testicular volume; primary gonadal deficiency is common and progressive from birth to adolescence and is definitely present in adults. Although rare, cases of fertility in females have been reported; no male has reproduced

Potter sequence (pathogenesis)

Potter sequence (pathogenesis)

► Right Now! You can get access to all my hand-written hematology video notes (the notes that I use on my videos) on Patreon...There is a direct link through which you can view, download, print and enjoy! Go to https://www.patreon.com/medicosis Potter sequence is an terrible disease characterized by renal agenesis which leads to less (or no) urine production, leading to oligohydramnios (becuase amniotic fluid contains urine), and many defects therof due to the loss of the cushion effect of the amniotic fluid. Features include: epicanthal folds, broad nose, micrognathia, limb abnormalities such as; Genu varum, Sirenomelia (mermaid leg) and club foot. (Disclaimer: The medical information contained herein is intended for educational purposes only, and are not intended for diagnosis of any illness. If you think you may be suffering from any medical condition, you should talk to your doctor or seek immediate medical attention.)

Creating double crease in Asian Blepharoplasty

Creating double crease in Asian Blepharoplasty

This video is about creating double crease

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